New landline networks for ambient connectivity
Multiplication of screens in your home, development of online applications in the professional world, the arrival of connected things... At Orange, we are deploying new landline networks to meet your requirements for very high bandwidth and developing ambient connectivity for the largest possible number of people.
Bandwidths soar with Fiber
One French household has an average of six screens. But 2022, this will increase to 13. According to a ReportLinker study from April 2017, one American household have an average of more than seven screens. The bandwidths required to connect televisions, computers, smartphones, as well as an increasing number of connected things are continuously increasing. In the professional world, the success of SaaS (Software as a Service) applications that are accessible via the Internet also contributes to increasing bandwidths.
To support your new applications, Orange is deploying fiber optic, a landline network that is up to 30 times faster than ADSL. Fiber optic will bring a major change to the user experience, whether it involves entertainment, the professional world or multiple screens in general, including:
- bandwidth speeds of 500 Mbit/s for downstream flows and 200 Mbit/s for upstream flows with Orange Fiber,
- simultaneous use (Internet, telephone, television, online games) without any loss of bandwidth speed,
- decreased reaction times (appreciated by online gamers),
- a stable signal that is not sensitive to the connection distance.
FTTH, the best of fiber for you
There are two types of fiber:
- FTTLA (Fiber To The Last Amplifier), an economic solution that relies on the deployment of a fiber network to the bases of buildings, with the traditional copper network taking over from there to connect each household,
- FTTH for homes and FTTO (Fiber To The Office) for companies, which rely on end-to-end deployment of a fiber network. Orange chose this process for its high bandwidths and its substantially equal quality throughout the network.
Three million French households and 20.3 million European customers can be connected to the FTTH network. Orange is also deploying Fiber in Spain and Poland, and has announced development projects in Belgium.
The 160,000 km of submarine fiber optic cables installed by Orange Marine in all the oceans of the world, in compliance with the environmental standards in force, are making an enormous contribution to the worldwide deployment of Fiber.
All IP: new services for more connectivity
Use by individuals and companies is evolving towards telephony that is enriched by collaborative solutions, combining landline and mobile.
With all IP, you can access all of Orange's connectivity solutions with interoperable and convergent services via a landline or mobile network, which integrates voice and content: HD TV, video on demand streaming, video conferencing, sharing of documents or photos, written transcription of speeches, simultaneous translation... the dawn of a new era that will be totally digital.
This simplified, scalable and powerful infrastructure will make it possible to interconnect all connected terminals and things. This solution represents the guarantee of a more flexible and energy-efficient network.
The number of devices connected to an IP network will be three times that of the world population by 2021.
IP (Internet Protocol) is based on a standard that has been adopted worldwide. The evolution towards all IP is being carried out as a priority in the countries that operate landline services and in which Orange has been historically present.
- In Spain, the Group has been managing an almost all IP network since late 2015.
- In Poland, Internet service will be entirely based on IP starting in 2018.
- In the countries of Africa and the Middle East, where the Group operates, the goal of this transformation is to achieve 70% Voice over IP (VoIP) service by 2020.
In metropolitan France, starting in the fourth quarter of 2018, the new landline telephone lines will all be based on the Voice over IP technology model. The RTC (Réseau de Téléphonie Commuté [Public Switched Telephone Network]) will continue functioning for all the existing lines.
Starting in 2022, the RTC lines will be progressively migrated to IP.
From the phone jack to the Box
In households, switching from RTC telephony to IP telephony results in the disappearance of "phone jacks." The telephone is directly connected to a box installed by the operator, which allows access to Voice over IP via the fiber or copper network.
With our network, our goal is to cover all regions, even the most isolated
Today in France, more than 30,000 km in a fiber network provides our individual and business customers with enriched connectivity, and 60% of our network connects the rural regions.
With our Orange Connected Regions program, we aim to advance landline and mobile connectivity in rural areas. We will rapidly improve the connectivity of 2.5 million homes in low-density areas and expect to fulfill our mandate to provide 4G coverage for the priority deployment area within three years. We are investing 15 billion euros in our networks as part of our Essentials2020 plan. We are also supporting the "White Zone" program, which was initiated by the [French] government. Under this program, within one year, all French city centers will have coverage for mobile voice and data services (3G).