Glossary

As with all new technology, the Internet of Things has its fair share of specific terms and acronyms. More jargon for you to decipher!

IoT

The Internet of Things.

Predictive maintenance 

The IoT makes predictive maintenance possible by “foreseeing” that a machine will break down, using the measurements taken by a connected object and analyzing them using Big Data.

M2M or MtoM

Machine to Machine is a concept whereby machines communicate between themselves without the need for human intervention in the industrial world. It means that communicating devices can interact automatically with information systems.

Network 

Any communicating device uses network technology to connect to the Internet. This is usually wireless technology (GSM, GPRS, LTE, Wi-Fi, LoRa®, Bluetooth, etc.), although it can sometimes use wired technology (e.g. powerline communication within a building), or even a passive technology, such as RFID, which has to be "read" by a specific terminal, which is itself connected to the Internet.

RFID

RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) is a technology that enables information to be stored in a chip that is then embedded in a product – or into the body of an animal, or even a human being – and can then be read remotely. RFID tags are often used in logistics, trade, etc. when it is important to be able to identify and/or track an object. The identification chip used for dogs and cats is an RFID tag.

Spime

This is a neologism, a contraction of "space" and "time", meaning an object that can be localized in space and time throughout its lifetime. Spimes are still only theoretical at the moment!

The rabbit, the ancestor of connected objects? 

One of the very first connected objects (and one that has since become iconic) was Nabaztag: a small, Wi-Fi connected rabbit that appeared in 2005 (and has now disappeared from the market). Capable of reading emails or playing music, it was known for its directional ears and its light signals, which gave the user an indication of online activity (change of Facebook status, arrival of an email, etc.).